The project aims to evaluate temporal and spatial patterns of urban air quality and its geophysical determinants. Remote sensing, using both satellite-based and ground-based instrumentation, will be employed to understand how satellite-retrieved atmospheric aerosol loading can be used to approximate street-level air pollution. The former is represented by satellite derived spatial averages of the aerosol optical depth (AOD), while the latter represents point measurements of ground particulate matter (PM) concentrations. Links between these two variables will be evaluated with respect to other parameters such as the mixing-layer height, humidity, wind and land surface temperature.
Machine learning allows us to quantify influences on air pollution. Here, this is shown for a short but intense episode of high concentrations of PM1 (particles with a diameter <1µm). In the upper panel, the PM1 concentration and the model prediction is shown. In panels b)-g), atmospheric parameters are shown as absolute values on the left y-axis and their partial contribution to the model prediction is shown on the right y-axis.